1) Now the brown bear has disappeared over most of its range; in other areas is small. In Western Europe, its fragmented populations survived in the Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mountains, Alps and Apennines. It is quite common in Scandinavia and Finland, found in the forests of Central Europe and the Carpathians.
4) The brown bear is omnivorous, but its diet is 3/4 plant: berries, acorns, nuts, roots, tubers and grass stems. In lean years for berries in the northern regions, bears visit crops of oats, and in the southern - crops of corn; in the Far East in the fall they feed in cedar forests.
5) The brown bear lies in the den before the cold, harsh winter comes.
There is an opinion that the bear is “unsociable” and therefore prefers to select hard-to-reach places for wintering, today, in connection with the work of forestry equipment and other modern means, bears get used to civilization and often look for a place to winter near roads and villages.
2) This is one of the largest and most dangerous species of terrestrial predators. About twenty subspecies of brown bear stand out, differing in appearance and distribution area.There is a high withers, as well as a fairly massive head with small ears and eyes. The length of the relatively short tail varies between 6.5-21.0 cm. The paws are quite strong and well developed, with powerful and non-retractable claws. The feet are very wide, five-fingered.
Brown bear sizes
The average length of a brown bear that lives in the European part, as a rule, is about one and a half to two meters with a body weight in the range of 135-250 kg. The individuals inhabiting the middle zone of our country are slightly smaller in size and can weigh about 100-120 kg.The largest are Far Eastern bears and grizzlies, the sizes of which often reach three meters.